In August, the average high-temperature is 31°C (88°F)
The most important administrative, cultural and business center in northern Greece, and the second largest city in Greece. A city situated on the Thermaic Gulf, with population of more than 1.1 million in the metropolitan area. Near the Aegean Sea, an hour’s drive from both Mt. Olympus and beautiful beaches and
a short flight from the capitals of several Balkan & Mediterranean countries.
Residents and visitors have the opportunity to enjoy walking along the esplanade, which is about five kilometers in length, from the Concert Hall to the port.
Past & Present
It was founded in 315BC by Cassander, who named it after his wife and Alexander’s the Great sister. It was chosen as the co-reigning city of the Byzantine Empire alongside Constantinople. Historically one of the Europe’s oldest and most multiethnic cities, widely considered as the cultural capital of Greece, Thessaloniki is truly unique in the sense that it intricately combines its thousand-years-old-multicultural heritage and the architectural marvels with the Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman, and Sephardic Jew history.
Because of the city's rich and diverse history, Thessaloniki houses many museums dealing with many different eras in history. Two of the city's most famous museums include the Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki and the Museum of Byzantine Culture.
Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki
The AMTH is considered one of the country’s most important museums. Museum collection includes findings from the area of Thessaloniki and the wider northern Greece of Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic and Roman periods. The eight permanent exhibition units, structured thematically, represent all aspects of private and public life in antiquity.
Museum of Byzantine Culture
Opened in 1994, the Museum of Byzantine Culture is no doubt one of the most important museums in the city. The gallery, housed in a modern complex, includes a series of thematic areas focusing on the daily private and public life, faith and worship practices, the burial traditions, architecture and art, as well as commercial and business activities.
THE WHITE TOWER (15TH-16TH CENTURY)
Thessaloniki’s most iconic historical monument, the White Tower, once a prison and place of execution, was erected by the Ottoman Turks in the late 15th century. It replaced an earlier Byzantine defensive tower that stood within a small, octagonally-walled sub-fortress at the city’s southeastern corner – where the massive eastern city wall descended from the Ano Poli (Upper Town) to meet the sea.
THE ROTUNDA (4TH CENTURY)
Long considered an original feature of the palace of the 4th-century Roman Emperor Galerius, perhaps a temple, the Rotunda appears instead to have been initially built by Constantine the Great in AD 322-323, according to recent studies by Greek archaeologists and art historians. The Rotunda became Thessaloniki’s first Christian church (late 4th c. AD) and, eventually, an Ottoman mosque (1591).
THE CHURCH OF AGHIOS DIMITRIOS
The present 20th-century Church of Aghios Dimitrios (Demetrius), patron saint of Thessaloniki, hides its earliest historical secrets deep within its crypt. Built over a Roman-era bath complex, the first church here was a small chapel (mid-320s AD) dedicated to the memory of the recently martyred Dimitrios, an early follower of Christianity, persecuted by Emperor Galerius.
The hum of conversation from café tables, and throw in a view of Mt Olympus, and you have Aristotelous Square. Urban, cosmopolitan, and at the same time thoroughly Greek, it’s a brilliant synthesis of color and motifs reflecting the city’s Byzantine heritage. The buildings lining the square are by various architects and are diverse in detail, yet united by the common rhythm And the square itself is just the right size – big enough for public celebrations, but not so big that you can’t spot friends across the way.
“Ladadika” district, a beautiful walkable area which is one of the favorite destinations for both local and tourist visitors and the city’s college community. Ladadika is one of the hot spots of Thessaloniki when it comes to entertainment. It is located in a central area right opposite to the port’s central gate and within a five-minute walk from Aristotle’s square.
The colorful buildings are two-story with wide, rectangular windows and, along with the paved alleys, they exhale the spirit of old Thessaloniki